|Also known as||Desecrated Youth, Sweet Children (1987-1989)|
|Origin||Berkeley, California, U.S.|
|Genres||Punk rock, pop punk, alternative rock|
Green Day is an American punk rock band formed in 1987 out of Berkeley, California. The band currently consists of Billie Joe Armstrong (lead vocals, guitar), Mike Dirnt (bass guitar, backing vocals) and Tré Cool (drums, backing vocals) which has been the case for the majority of the band's existence.
Green Day was originally part of the punk rock scene at 924 Gilman Street in Berkeley, California. Its early releases for independent record label Lookout! Records earned them a grassroots fanbase, some of whom felt alienated when the band signed to a major label. Nevertheless, its major label debut Dookie (1994) became a breakout success and eventually sold over 10 million copies in the U.S. alone, and 15 million copies sold worldwide. As a result, Green Day was widely credited, alongside fellow California punk bands for reviving mainstream interest in and popularizing punk rock in the United States. Green Day's three follow-up albums, Insomniac, Nimrod and Warning did not achieve the massive success of Dookie but were still mostly successful commercially, two being certified double platinum while the latter was certified gold. Green Day's 2004 rock opera American Idiot reignited the band's popularity with a younger generation, selling five million copies in the U.S and continuing that success with the 2009 album 21st Century Breakdown.
The band has since sold over 85 million records worldwide, They also have been rewarded four Grammy Awards, Best Alternative Album for Dookie, Best Rock Album for American Idiot and 21st Century Breakdown, and Record of the Year for "Boulevard of Broken Dreams".
Formation and Lookout! years (1987–93)
In 1987, 15 year old friends Billie Joe Armstrong and Mike Dirnt formed a band called Sweet Children with bassist Sean Hughes and drummer Raj Punjabi. The first Sweet Children show took place on October 17, 1987, at Rod's Hickory Pit in Vallejo, California where Armstrong's mother was working. In 1998, the band began working with John Kiffmeyer, also known as "Al Sobrante" who replaced Raj Punjabi. Around this time, Sean Hughes would leave the band, leaving Billie, Mike, and John.
Larry Livermore, owner of Lookout! Records, saw the band play an early show and signed them to his label. In 1988 they recorded their first EP, 1,000 Hours, later released in April of 1989. Before the EP was released, the band dropped the name Sweet Children, according to Livermore was done in order to avoid confusion with another local band, Sweet Baby. The band adopted the name Green Day, allegedly due to their fondness of marijuana.
Lookout! would release Green Day's first LP, 39/Smooth in early 1990. Green Day would record two EPs later that year: Slappy and Sweet Children, the latter of which included some older songs they had recorded for Minneapolis indie label Skene! Records. In late 1990, shortly after the band's first nationwide tour, John Kiffmeyer would leave the East Bay area to attend college. The drummer Tré Cool would began filling in as a temporary replacement which later became permanent. In 1991, Lookout! Records released 1,039/Smoothed Out Slappy Hours, a compilation of the 39/Smooth, Slappy, and the 1,000 Hours EPs.
The band's second album, Kerplunk!, would be recorded throughout mid 1991 and later released on December 17, 1991. The album sold 50,000 copies in the United States, becoming a hit among the Berkeley and the critical 924 Gilman Street crowd. The band would then go on tour in Europe, playing a number of shows there as the band's popularity continued to grow.
Breakthrough Success (1994–98)
Kerplunk's underground success led to a wave of interest coming from major record labels, and eventually they left Lookout! on friendly terms to sign with Reprise Records after attracting the attention of producer Rob Cavallo. Signing to Reprise caused many punk rock fans to regard Green Day as sellouts. After signing with Reprise, the band went to work on recording its major label debut, Dookie.
Released in February 1994, and recorded in 3 weeks, Dookie became a commercial success, helped by extensive MTV airplay for the videos of the songs "Longview", "Basket Case", and "When I Come Around", all of which reached the number one position on the Modern Rock Tracks charts. That year, Green Day embarked on a nationwide tour with queercore band Pansy Division as its opening act. The band also joined the lineups of both the Lollapalooza festival and Woodstock 1994, where they started an infamous mud fight. During the concert, a security guard mistook bassist Mike Dirnt for a stage-invading fan and punched out some of his teeth. Viewed by millions via pay-per-view television, the Woodstock 1994 performance further aided Green Day's growing publicity and recognition, and helped push its album to eventual diamond status. In 1995, Dookie won the Grammy Award for Best Alternative Album and the band was nominated for 9 MTV Video Music Awards including Video of the Year.
In 1995, a new single for the Angus soundtrack was released, titled "J.A.R.". The single went straight to number one on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart. The song was followed by the band's new album, Insomniac, which was released in the fall of 1995. Insomniac was a much darker and heavier response by the band, compared to the poppier, more melodic Dookie. Insomniac used a piece of art by Winston Smith entitled God Told Me to Skin You Alive for its album cover. The singles released from Insomniac were "Geek Stink Breath", "Brain Stew/Jaded", "Walking Contradiction", and "Stuck With Me". Though the album did not approach the success of Dookie, it still sold two million copies in the United States. Insomniac won the band award nominations for Favorite Artist, Favorite Hard Rock Artist, and Favorite Alternative Artist at the 1996 American Music Awards, and the video for "Walking Contradiction" got the band a Grammy nomination for Best Video, Short Form, in addition to a Best Special Effects nomination at the MTV Video Music Awards. After that, the band abruptly cancelled a European tour, citing exhaustion.
Nimrod and Warning (1999–2002)
After taking a break in 1996, Green Day began to work on a new album in 1997. From the outset, both the band and Cavallo agreed that the album had to be different from its previous records. The result was Nimrod, an experimental deviation from the band's standard pop-punk brand of music. The new album was released in October 1997. It provided a variety of music, from pop-punk, surf rock, and ska, to an acoustic ballad. Nimrod entered the charts at number 10. The success of "Good Riddance (Time of Your Life)" won the band an MTV Video Award for Best Alternative Video for the song's video, which depicted people undergoing major changes in their lives while Billie Joe Armstrong strummed his acoustic guitar. The song was also used in the second "clip show" episode of [Seinfeld and on two episodes of ER. The other singles released from Nimrod were "Nice Guys Finish Last", "Hitchin' a Ride" and "Redundant". The band made a guest appearance in an episode of King of the Hill entitled "The Man Who Shot Cane Skretteberg", which aired in 1997.
In 2000, Green Day released Warning, a step further in the style that they had hinted at with Nimrod. Critics' reviews of the album were varied. Allmusic gave it 4.5/5 saying "Warning may not be an innovative record per se, but it's tremendously satisfying." Rolling Stone was more critical, giving it 3/5, and saying "Warning... invites the question: Who wants to listen to songs of faith, hope and social commentary from what used to be snot-core's biggest-selling band?" Though it produced the hit "Minority" and a smaller hit with "Warning", some observers were coming to the conclusion that the band was losing relevance,
The release of a Greatest Hits compilation, International Superhits!, and an assemblage of B-sides, Shenanigans, followed Warning. International Superhits and its companion collection of music videos, International Supervideos!, sold reasonably well, going platinum in the U.S. Shenanigans contained some of the band's b-sides, including "Espionage" which was featured in Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me] and was nominated for a Grammy for Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance.
In the spring of 2002, Green Day co-headlined the Pop Disaster Tour with Blink-182. Despite the co-headlining title, Green Day would play each show before Blink-182, who at the time were experiencing more success. The tour was documented on the DVD Riding In Vans With Boys.
American Idiot and renewed popularity (2003-08)
Around the summer of 2003, the band went into a studio to write and record new material for a new album, titled Cigarettes and Valentines. After completing 20 tracks, the master tapes were stolen from the studio. The band, understandably upset, chose not to try to re-create the stolen album, but instead started over with a vow to be even better than before. In this same year, Green Day collaborated with Iggy Pop on two tracks for his album Skull Ring. And they underwent serious "band therapy," engaging in several long talks to work out the members' differences after accusations from Dirnt and Cool that Armstrong was "the band's Nazi" and a show-off bent on taking the limelight from the other band members.
The resulting 2004 album, American Idiot, debuted at number one on the Billboard charts, the band's first ever album to top the chart, backed by the success of the album's first single, "American Idiot." The album was billed as a "punk rock opera" which follows the journey of the fictitious "Jesus of Suburbia". American Idiot won the 2005 Grammy for "Best Rock Album" and the band swept the 2007 MTV music awards, winning a total of seven of the eight awards they were nominated for, including the coveted Viewer's Choice Award.
Through 2005, the band toured in support of the album with about 150 dates — the longest tour in its career — visiting Japan, Australia, South America and the UK, where they drew a crowd of 130,000 people over a span of two days. While touring for American Idiot they filmed and recorded the two concerts at the Milton Keynes National Bowl in England, which was voted 'The Best Show On Earth' in a Kerrang! Magazine Poll.
On August 1, 2005, Green Day announced that that it had rescinded the master rights to its pre-Dookie material from Lookout! Records, citing a continuing breach of contract regarding unpaid royalties, a complaint shared with other Lookout! bands. The pre-Dookie material, which remained out of print for about a year, was reissued by the band's current label, Reprise, on January 9, 2009.
These recordings were released as a live CD and DVD called Bullet in a Bible on November 15, 2007. This CD/DVD featured hits from American Idiot as well as a few songs from all its previous albums, except "Kerplunk" and "1,039/Smoothed Out Slappy Hours". The DVD featured behind-the-scenes footage of the band, and showed how the band prepared to put on the show. The band concluded its 2005 world tour with shows in Sydney and Melbourne, Australia on December 14 and 17 respectively. On January 10, 2006 the band was awarded with a People's Choice Award for favorite group.
In 2008, Green Day won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year for "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" which spent 16 weeks at the number one position of Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks, a record it shared along with Red Hot Chili Peppers' "Scar Tissue" and Staind's "It's Been Awhile," (the record has been since been beaten by Foo Fighters' 2008 hit "The Pretender" which reigned at the top spot for 18 weeks).
In an interview with Kerrang!, Billie Joe revealed that 2008 would "be a fair estimate of the release date of their new Untitled Eighth Studio Album." In October 2007, Billie Joe announced more on this new album, saying he had been writing new material on the piano, and had around 45 songs. He stated he wanted the new music to dig into what he's feeling at the moment - which is middle-aged.
21st Century Breakdown and American Idiot on Broadway (2009-10)
Green Day released 21st Century Breakdown on May 15, 2009. The album received a mainly positive reception from critics, getting an average rating between 3 and 4 stars. After the release, the album reached number one in fourteen countries, being certified gold or platinum in each. 21st Century Breakdown achieved Green Day's best chart performance to date. The band started playing shows in California in April and early May. These were the group's first live shows in about three years. Green Day went on a world tour that started in North America in July 2009 and continuing around the world throughout the rest of 2009 and early 2010.
In late 2009, a musical adaptation for the album, "American Idiot" premiered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre. Recording would begin for a full Broadway adaption later that November. It premiered on Broadway on April 20, 2010, with a cast recording named "American Idiot: The Original Broadway Cast Recording" being released beside it. The Broadway run concluded in 2011, after over 400 performances and winning multiple awards.
¡Uno! ¡Dos! ¡Tré! (2011-14)
During the end of 2011, the band played several secret shows whose setlists consisted almost entirely of previously unheard songs. Green Day entered the studio and began recording new material in February 2012, later announcing a trilogy of albums titled ¡Uno!, ¡Dos!, and ¡Tré! which would be released towards the end of 2012. The band also confirmed that touring guitarist Jason White was now an official member and will be contributing in the recording sessions. That summer Green Day played several festivals and promotional shows including the Rock en Seine festival in France, the Rock am See festival in Germany, and the Reading Festival in the United Kingdom.
The band would play "secret" shows throughout late 2012 which consisted of previously unreleased work, the first of them being at a Tiki Bar in Costa Mesa, California. Green Day would then announce their 99 Revolutions Tour in support of their newly released three albums which took place throughout most of 2013. Demolicious, a compilation which consisted of demos from the trilogy and one unreleased song was released in April of 2014.
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Revolution Radio (2015-17)
The band would unite with John Kiffmeyer to play their first concert in a year, first preforming the set as Sweet Children followed by Green Day. On April 18 of 2015, Green Day was officially inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame by Fall Out Boy. On April 24, 2015, Rob Cavallo revealed Green Day were recording a twelfth studio album. Cavallo claimed to have heard "five new songs that Billie has written and demoed", and that the fans should be "sure that when they do return, the music will be amazing". On December 24, 2015, Green Day released a Christmas song, "Xmas Time of the Year".
On August 11, 2016, Green Day released the first single, "Bang Bang", and announced that their album would be titled Revolution Radio and it would be released on October 7, 2016. The band also confirmed that Jason White will not appear on the album, as he had returned to his role as a touring member. The band went on a world tour supporting the album. In November 2016, the band performed at the American Music Awards in Los Angeles and made a political statement about the then-recent US election of Donald Trump by chanting "No Trump, No KKK, No Fascist USA" during their rendition of "Bang Bang".
Father of All Motherfuckers and other projects (2018-present)
On April 13, 2019, the band released their famous performance at Woodstock 1994 on vinyl, the first live album released since Awesome As Fuck in 2011. In September, the band announced their Hella Mega Tour with Weezer and Fall Out Boy, which will conclude in June of 2022. At the same time the tour was announced, Billie announced they would be parting ways with Reprise records. They released their first single, "Father of All..." for their upcoming thirteenth album on September 10, 2019. After two more singles were released, their album called Father of All Motherfuckers was released on February 7, 2020 with their final single, "Meet Me on the Roof" being released that same day.
On October 30, 2020, the band's secret side project, The Network, teased their upcoming sequel album, later releasing their music video for their first song in 17 years, named "Ivankkka Is a Nazi". After a couple of weeks of small hints on social media, the band released an EP on November 20, 2020, titled Trans Am. On December 4, 2020, The Network released their second album Money Money 2020 Part II: We Told Ya So!.
The band would release a remastered version of Insomniac in March for the belated 25th anniversary of the album's release, including bonus live tracks. Multiple singles would be released throughout the year, including "Here Comes the Shock," "Pollyanna," and "Holy Toledo!" released on February 21, May 17, and November 5, 2021 respectively.
BBC Sessions, Green Day's fourth live album was released on December 10, 2021, which consisted of live records of tracked from 1994 to 2001. On December 18, 2021 they put out a teaser video with the captions "RAK Studios. London, England. Green Day. 1972". Many teasers and hints have been revealed throughout their social medias, indicating of their new upcoming album, allegedly named "1972."
Music style and influences
Green Day's sound is often compared to first wave punk bands such as the Ramones, The Clash, Sex Pistols and The Jam. Armstrong's lyrics commonly describe alienation, ("Jesus of Suburbia", "Boulevard of Broken Dreams", "Road to Acceptance", "Disappearing Boy", "Castaway") hysteria, ("Basket Case", "Panic Song") girls, ("She", "80" "Only of You","Maria", "She's a Rebel") growing up, (Longview and Welcome to Paradise) and the effects of doing drugs ("Geek Stink Breath", "Green Day"). Green Day has covered many bands across the years, many of which are considered their influences. Ramones's songs have been covered several times, including recording "Outsider" for the tribute album We're a Happy Family, and performing "Blitzkrieg Bop" and "Teenage Lobotomy" when the Ramones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002. Other bands Green Day has covered include The Who, Operation Ivy, Queen, and The Isley Brothers.
Criticism and controversy
Beginning with the release of Dookie, and the subsequent explosion of MTV airplay it received, Green Day has received considerable criticism from those who see the punk genre as a social movement independent of corporate sponsorship. With the release of American Idiot and the subsequent draw of many new fans, much of this criticism has been revived.
One of the more contentious issues is genre labeling. In reaction to both the style of music and the background of the band, many fans and musicians have taken heavy objection to the usage of the term "punk" when applied to Green Day. This is evidenced by the following comments issued by John Lydon (Johnny Rotten), former front man of both the 1970s punk band the Sex Pistols and the 1980s post-punk, Public Image Ltd.
Brandon Flowers of The Killers went on record in 2007 claiming that Green Day's politically driven concept album American Idiot displays "calculated Anti-Americanism." He explained that he has problems with the album content itself and also the fact that the band's recent live DVD, Bullet in a Painful Spot, was filmed in England. The taping of the concert, featured on Bullet in a Bible, shows thousands of Europeans singing along to "American Idiot." Stating that he felt Green Day's DVD is a bit of a stunt, he said, "I just thought it was really cheap. To go to a place like England or Germany and sing that song - those kids aren't taking it the same way that he meant it. And he. Billie Joe Armstrong knew it."
More recently, Oasis guitarist Noel Gallagher has accused the band of ripping off his song "Wonderwall" for "Boulevard of Broken Dreams".
- Main article: List of Green Day side projects
Ever since 1991, some members of the band have branched out past Green Day and have started other projects with other musicians. Notable related projects of Green Day include Billie Joe Armstrong's Pinhead Gunpowder (which also features Green Day's live backup guitarist Jason White), The Frustrators in which Mike Dirnt plays bass, and The Network, in which all three members of Green Day play under fake stage names. Billie Joe Armstrong has also confirmed that the main members of Green Day are in the band Foxboro Hot Tubs. A Foxboro Hot Tubs album titled Stop, Drop and Roll!!! was released on May 20, 2008.
Charity projects that the band have been involved with includes the collaboration with U2 to record a cover of the song, "The Saints Are Coming" by The Skids along with a music video to help raise money for musical instruments lost in Hurricane Katrina, and teaming with the Natural Resources Defense Council for the "Move America Beyond Oil" campaign and other environmental concerns.
In December 2006, Green Day and NRDC opened a web site in partnership to raise awareness on America's dependency on oil. (See related projects.)
Green Day released a cover of the John Lennon song "Working Class Hero", that was featured on the album Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur. The band performed the song on the season finale of European Idol. The song would go on to be nominated for a Grammy in 2008.
That summer, the band appeared in a cameo role in The Simpsons Movie, where they perform the show's theme song. Their version was released as a single on July 24, 2007.
- Main article: List of Green Day personnel
- Billie Joe Armstrong – vocals, guitar, keyboards, harmonica (1987–present)
- Mike Dirnt – bass, vocals (1987–present)
- Tré Cool – drums, percussion, vocals, guitar, accordion (1990–present)
- Raj Punjabi - drums (1987)
- Sean Hughes - bass (1987-1988)
- John Kiffmeyer – drums, percussion, backing vocals (1987–1990)
- Aaron Cometbus – drums, backing vocals (1990)
- Dave "E.C." Henwood – drums (1990)
- Jason White - guitar, backing vocals (2012-2016)
- Main article: Green Day Discography
- 39/Smooth (1990)
- Kerplunk! (1991)
- Dookie (1994)
- Insomniac (1995)
- Nimrod (1997)
- Warning (2000)
- Shenanigans (2002)
- American Idiot (2004)
- 21st Century Breakdown (2009)
- ¡Uno! (September 2012)
- ¡Dos! (November 2012)
- ¡Tré! (December 2012)
- Revolution Radio (2016)
- Father of All Motherfuckers (2020)
- 1972 (TBA, 2023)
- Rossignol, Derrick (April 18, 2015). "Green Day Join the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's Class of 2015". Diffuser.
Dookie World Tour • Insomniac Tour • Nimrod Tour • Life Without Warning Tour • Pop Disaster Tour • American Idiot World Tour • 21st Century Breakdown World Tour • 99 Revolutions Tour • Revolution Radio Tour • Hella Mega Tour
JingleTown Recording • Oakland Coffee Works
International Super Action Figures! • American Idiot Titans Figures